How does engineering design fit into the social studies curriculum? I did not think it did until The E in STEM: Meaningful Content for Engineering course. I learned to think 'outside the box' and incorporate the Engineering Design Process in my 4th grade classroom. In a unit on Native American life, I created a project that assessed my students' knowledge by applying it to a real scenario that included engineering design.
The setting for the project was New York in the 1500s. Students needed to consider Native American lives and the resources they had available to them in order to meet the design need. The challenge posed was to create a prototype of a sturdy shelter that would protect them from a huge storm that was approaching. Their constraints were that they could only use natural resources from the environment. The project required the design of a survival plan which indicated the items needed while in the shelter and the roles each member of the tribe would play in getting ready for the storm.
My class worked in groups of 4-5 and followed the Engineering Design Process while recording all of their work in an engineering notebook. The results were extremely versatile and creative. Some groups discovered the benefits of a triangular shaped shelter while others used sticks, cloth, string and/or clay. They learned that failure is just an opening for future success. Some of the groups were unsuccessful at first but their final shelters were wonderful! All and all, this experience allowed me to evaluate my students' knowledge, increase student engagement, and use the Engineering Design Process in a subject other than science. Without Endeavor, my students would never have experienced this opportunity!
Where should I begin?? I am just finishing my last two classes towards earning my Master's Degree and I am SAD! I can't believe I am almost finished. Who knew learning could be so much FUN! The knowledge that I have gained from the Endeavor classes has been hands down, the most relevant information I have ever received. Starting with the Methods of STEM Education course all the way to STEM Leadership, each class has given me the skills, knowledge, and resources I need to make my students succeed in science. The teacher 'friends' I have made, the instructors from each of the classes, and the leaders of the program, are connections I know I will always have and who will always want to learn just as I do. It takes a community to raise a child and this community is here to do just that!
Currently I am taking the Exploring Mars: A New Twist on Science class and I must say that I have used every single thing we have learned in class with my students. The information is relevant to what my students are interested in and the assignments that we have completed through the class are 100% geared towards getting me to implement the material in my class. The 'cool' project we recently worked on involved looking at real time images from Mars and determining how the surface formed. Students enjoyed learning about geologic processes that shape the surface of planets, using scale modeling to draw images, characteristics of rocks, as well as designing an underground cavern in which people could live during an asteroid impact. Real life problem solving skills in subject matter that they enjoy… double win!
As a first year teacher, I am always trying to learn new ways to engage my students and connect the content we are learning to space science. Since beginning the Endeavor program I have integrated several, new, inquiry-based activities that I put together from my online classes. Most recently I had my 6th grade students complete the "Soft Landing" NASA design challenge. They were all completely engaged, and it helped make the content we were learning relevant and meaningful to them. I find design challenges are a great way to integrate engineering while teaching key physical science concepts such as potential and kinetic energy transformations.
The Endeavor STEM Certificate Project has afforded me a new perspective and skill set in STEM Education. As a veteran middle school science practitioner, Endeavor challenged me to enhance and develop my content and pedagogy that will foster more real world connections and inspirations for my students in science. I was able to directly implement theory into practice, which allowed me to evaluate and reflect on student learning during the courses.
The most rewarding experience of the program was conducting STEAM professional development for my school through the Leadership course. The Next Generation Science Standards incorporate new engineering and design processes, which can be daunting to science teachers. I was able to apply my STEM knowledge to design and implement a systemic change in the practice of my colleagues! We are now better prepared to teach those engineering and design content and practices.
I am currently taking my 3rd Endeavor course as part of the online joint Master's Degree program (M.Ed.) with Endeavor and Northeastern State University. The courses give me the knowledge necessary to incorporate topics, that I was uncomfortable with as an adult, into my elementary GATE (gifted and talented education) and STEM classes.
I used the resources from Endeavor's Physical Science in Motion class to build a unit centered on rockets! Students learned how important physics concepts are in science and the 'real world' and that physics isn't a course for just the "smart" kids. They understand velocity, trajectory, force, motion and Newton's Laws. I have never received so many e-mails from parents wanting to know what I was teaching.
I am truly grateful for the knowledge I am gaining from the Endeavor courses. I have been able to facilitate many small sessions for my colleagues on incorporating STEM in the classroom, and I am currently pushing-in to classes, K-5, working with teachers and students on the proper ways to incorporate inquiry-based activities into the classroom curriculum.
I am excited to return to my classroom this year as a 4th Grade and Robotics "Bee-Bot" teacher, with many new and specific ideas for facilitating inquiry through integrated STEM activities. Endeavor courses are helping me to better understand the structure of an inquiry-based classroom and how to best assess my students using inquiry practices.
When I started the Endeavor program, I was a teacher who felt comfortable with inquiry as long as I was "in charge". Now I feel equipped with tools and strategies that will allow my students to think comprehensively. My students will be assessed this Spring with the new Georgia Milestones based on Common Core State Standards. It is essential that I give my students opportunities to examine problems and give open-ended explanations, to prepare them for upcoming testing and most importantly, for developing independent problem solving skills. I can't wait to tie the STEM knowledge I've gained into our existing IB (International Baccalaureate) units!
NASA Endeavor courses have supported fundamentals of inquiry and emphasized formative assessment, both of which are current in STEM Education. The information I've learned in the Endeavor courses has helped me design problem-based lessons across the physics, ecology, and biology curricula. I developed Mini Medical School with the idea of inspiring future doctors by engaging them in exciting hands-on medical dissections. Now Mini Med program includes dissections and real-world scenarios where students diagnose diseases and propose potential cures. I am currently writing another STEM course entitled Biomedical Engineering.
In these photos students are being shown how to dissect a cow's eyes for the summer program called STEM - Mini Medical Mysteries. I am also conferring with colleagues on physics lesson plans using NASA resources.
As a middle school science teacher in an urban school district, the NASA Endeavor Program provides me with all of the current trends in science and STEM education. As a result I feel a step ahead of "the pack" when implementing lessons aligned to Next Generation Science Standards and Common Core State Standards. Endeavor courses provide me with the authentic content and pedagogy necessary to incorporate cross-disciplinary lessons and projects. Endeavor is solely responsible for some of the most engaging and enjoyable lessons that I have created, from allowing my middle school students to delve into epidemiology and neuroscience by tracking a 'zombie virus', to giving them the freedom to learn from their mistakes by following NASA's Engineering Design Process.
NASA resources are also great for incorporating literacy into science, an important focus of today's education reform. These assets can be easily manipulated to fit any K-12 classroom. I feel extremely prepared going into the next era of science education after being exposed to the Endeavor program with its interactive courses and experienced instructors.
Christy Smith-McCullough brought content and resources from the Spring 2014 Endeavor course Lessons from the Ocean, directly to her students in South Carolina. In May, upon completing the course, Christy's class participated in a webinar where they were able to interact with lead professor, Dr. Mike Heithaus, of the School of the Environment, Arts, and Society at Florida International University. Excited about Marine Science, students continued their exploration by reading the Ocean Literacy Principles and giving feedback to Dr. Meghan Marrero, instructor for NASA Endeavor. Students were able to brainstorm ways to integrate ocean literacy in a typical science classroom from kindergarten to high school. The students loved the experience and learned ocean literacy principles that will guide them for life.
Kelly Salmons, the 7th and 8th grade science teacher for The Village School in Naples, Florida, shares her knowledge from the NASA Endeavor STEM program. She's helping to launch the STEAM (STEM with Arts) philosophy from Junior-K to 8th grade. Here she leads the staff in developing curriculum that integrates core content with engineering, technology and real-world data. Kelly helps them create developmentally appropriate integrated units with higher level thinking, problem solving and creativity for the classrooms. In her classes, students decipher data, build models and collaborate on global issues. They discover that science can open their eyes to possibilities and the world around them! Kelly will become the STEAM Coordinator when the school opens the high school grades.
As a middle school math teacher at an independent school, Endeavor has been extremely helpful as my school is going through a period of change. As a school we are transitioning to a more project-based approach with longer teaching blocks and more collaboration between disciplines. This STEM program has given me the knowledge and resources to redesign my class to meet the needs of my students and our shift in approach to engaging students more actively and effectively. Specifically, the Space Math resources at NASA are great! They tie in directly with the curriculum and I can't wait to use them in my classes next year. I feel much more prepared going into the new school year in the fall after going through the Endeavor program.